The purpose of this policy is to provide principles for influencing and determining decisions and actions by PROV about the digitisation of records and to provide a framework for creating procedures and services to digitise records.
This policy applies to digitisation of public records to make them available through the PROV website. The primary focus of the policy is on the physical holdings in PROV’s custody at both the Victorian Archives Centre and the Ballarat Archives Centre. The policy allows that PROV may engage in activities to digitise public records in places of deposit and non-PROV custody including that of individuals and bodies such as government agencies and community archives.
This policy has been developed in response to:
- Increased demand for online access to records from remote users
- A reduced number of reading room visitors in contrast to increasing website usage
- The challenges in providing equity of access to records in PROV’s custody
- The requirements of the Public Records Act 1973 to provide access to records
One of the key outcomes and strategic directions of the PROV Corporate Plan 2007/08 – 2009/10 is:
Increase records usage to enable the community to connect with their history by engaging the community with their cultural heritage contained in the Victorian archives through the innovative use of online technology and models of delivery.
Initiatives include online projects comprising wide scale digitisation and indexing program, multimedia program, online publishing program and introduction of an online payment system with provision for a remote copying service.
2. Policy Statement
For the purposes of this document, ‘digitising’ and ‘digitisation’ should be understood to refer not just to the act of scanning a document into digital form, but as a series of activities that results in a digital copy being made available to end users via the internet or other means for a sustained length of time. The activities may include:
- Document identification and selection. Some series may be best served by transcription or indexing projects rather than by scanning.
- Document preparation, which may include preservation treatments, access review and screening, processing or reprocessing, listing or indexing.
- Descriptive and technical metadata collection sufficient to allow retrieval and management of the digital copies and to provide contextual information for the user.
- Digital conversion in a consistent, repeatable, auditable manner according to agreed quality standards.
- Quality control of digital copies and metadata.
- The creation of digital files and metadata according to formats and quality standards that allows them to be managed and made available online in PROV’s Digital Archive.
- Providing public access to the material via online delivery of reliable and authentic copies.
- Providing online ordering for reproduction services at quality or quantities beyond the capacity of an end user.
2.2. PROV’s Digitisation Goals
By digitising its collections, PROV aims to:
- Build a critical mass of digital content relating to Victoria’s documentary heritage to support research.
- Enable people, regardless of location, to directly access and use online a range of records without having to visit PROV reading rooms.
- Engage with new audiences by making our collections available in an online environment for use by different communities employing innovative technologies.
- Support PROV’s online education, publishing and exhibition programs.
- Preserve fragile collections and those at risk through obsolete technologies, while also increasing access to them.
2.3. Principles for digitisation
The following principles guide PROV’s digitisation activities:
- Improved access to public records will be facilitated.
- The preservation of public records by reducing wear and tear on original records will be enhanced by ensuring they are digitised once only and according to PROV’s relevant standards and specifications.
- Digital copies of items and series of items represent the original records directly.
- Record series will be digitised in their entirety unless PROV elects to digitise only a portion of a series or consignment necessary to support its charter.
- Digitisation will capture, preserve and provide contextual information about the digitised records.
- The use and reproduction of digitised records will be in accordance with PROV policies on access and user charging and in compliance with any copyright or other access restrictions.
- The digitisation of records in the collections will not weaken PROV’s commitment to the preservation and care of the original records that have been digitised.
- PROV’s ongoing digitisation activities will consider community and staff suggestions, evaluation and feedback about the digitising program.
2.4. Principles for partnerships
- The basis for partnerships will be to support the goals of increased access and enhanced preservation of public records.
- PROV may enter into partnership arrangements including with other collecting and research organisations, government, commercial, community based and not-for-profit organisations, institutions and individuals to undertake digitisation projects.
- Partners may participate in digitisation projects in a variety of ways including through full or partial funding, grants, donation, sponsorship and in-kind contribution.
- PROV will structure partnerships to balance the interests of the Victorian public with a partner’s financial investment in the project. There will be no single required partnership model.
- PROV will seek to protect and enhance its own institutional interests, while at the same time respecting the interests of its users and its partners.
- Agreements with partners to digitise public records will be non-exclusive.
- The security, safety and accessibility of original records being digitised will be assured at all times during the digitising process.
- Partnership agreements will require a full set of digital copies produced by the partnership and created according to PROV standards for format, quality and metadata to be provided free of charge to PROV. Other terms, or returns to PROV or its partners will be subject to agreement between the partners in a partnership arrangement.
- PROV will own the digital images produced in a partnership agreement and any intellectual property and copyright in those images and their associated metadata. PROV will use digital images created in a partnership agreement to meet its statutory obligations at any time and will make such images available through its Internet / web facilities at its discretion.
- Any use by a partner of digitised images that is permitted by the partnership arrangement will include acknowledgement of and referral to PROV as the source of the original authoritative records.
PROV is committed to maintaining and promoting appropriate standards for creating, managing and providing access to its digital collections. It adheres to established international standards and adopts best practices.
Records are digitised according to PROV’s standards and include image creation to a resolution appropriate to the item and quality control assessment as a routine task.
Relevant PROV standards include:
- PROS 99/007 Management of Electronic Records Version 2
- Standards and guidelines for capture of records in digitised form can be found on PROV’s website at:
A review of this policy will be undertaken annually.