Adjust Font Size [ + ] [ – ] [ o ]

Victorian Archives Centre public opening hours

Monday to Friday: 10:00 am to 4:30 pm
(excl. public holidays)
The second and last Saturday of every month

walata tyamateetj (carry knowledge) wins archive publication award

  • Vicki Couzens, Untitled, mixed media on paper, 2005.
    Artwork used on the front cover of Walata tyamateetj by Vicki Couzens, untitled mixed media on paper, 2005.

walata tyamateetj [wa-lata  tee-ama-teej], a guide to Victorian government records about Aboriginal people, was awarded a Mander Jones Award for best finding aid to an archival collection at the Australian Society of Archivists annual conference earlier this week. 

The Mander Jones Publication Awards honour Phyllis Mander Jones who, among other contributions to the profession, authored Manuscripts in the British Isles relating to Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific, in 1972. Miss Mander Jones was also the first Corresponding Secretary of the Archives Section of the Library Association of Australia  and she co-edited the first issue of the Society’s journal Archives and Manuscripts.

Walata tyamateetj was awarded for enabling access to and engagement with Victorian Aboriginal archival collections. 

This publication is a joint guide to Victorian government records about Aboriginal people published by Public Record Office Victoria in association with the National Archives of Australia. The guide includes information about Victoria’s Koorie history through a comprehensive listing of records which can be accessed both in hard copy and electronic formats.

Access to the records in these collections is critical to Aboriginal people, and particularly the Stolen Generations, to enable them to reconnect with family, culture and Country. Records are also important to organisations within Victoria which offer services to members of the Stolen Generations. The guide was created to help reduce the barriers and improve access to records for the Victorian Aboriginal community and general researchers.

More information about the Mander Jones Awards can be found on the Australian Society of Archivists website. 

View, download, or order a free hard copy of Walata tyamateetj here. 

walata tyamateetj means ‘carry knowledge’ in the Gunditjmara language of western Victoria.  

New online index: Body Cards 1959-1985

  • One of the files from VPRS 10010 P1 Unit 53

What are ‘Body Cards’?

This series, named ‘Body Cards’ after the cardboard files contained within, include records of deaths reported to the Melbourne Coroner’s Court between 1959 and 1985. 

Deaths reported to the Melbourne Coroner’s Court included unexpected, unnatural, or violent deaths, deaths in care or custody, and when the identity of the person was unknown.  

What can I find in these files?

Records within the series contain all of the supporting documentation used by a coroner when investigating reported deaths, including:

  • the Victorian Police report of the death
  • an autopsy report as conducted by the Coroner’s Court 
  • an affidavit and/or other statements of identification
  • a copy of the body admission sheet
  • correspondence from next of kin, solicitors and others (if received)
  • copies of drug analysis, carbon monoxide or blood alcohol reports (when appropriate)
  • medical deposition from a treating doctor in a hospital and ambulance admission sheet.

Search the index

A new index to this series is now available online enabling you to search files for viewing at the Victorian Archives Centre.

Search the online index here.

Bendigo’s ‘Petitions of the People’

  • Image of the Petition Bye-Law for permitting hairdressers shops to be kept open
    Petition Bye-Law for permitting hairdressers shops to be kept open

The Bendigo Regional Archives Centre website hosts a series of digitised ‘Petitions of the People’ ranging from 1870 to 1899. These fascinating records can be useful sources of information for family history research, as each scanned petition includes names, signatures and often occupation of each signator. There are currently 273 petitions available to download with more to be added over time.

Getting started

These ‘Petitions of the People’ allow a rare insight into life from 1870 to 1899 in Sandhurst/Bendigo, a period when this gold mining town grew into a thriving Victorian city. A signature on a petition may be the only tangible evidence that an ancestor lived in the region, practiced a particular trade or profession or felt strongly about a local issue. If you want to find out if your ancestor appears in any of the petitions you can firstly download the full list of names here. 

Once you’ve found the name you’re looking for, check the column on the left for the petition category details, and then simply search within that category.

Petitions related to occupations in Bendigo

Here, we delve deeper into some of the ‘occupation’ category petitions to reveal requested changes to local butchering practices, struggles of the local stonebreakers, hairdressers, and the dairymen:

an image of a handwritten petition from the butchers

Petition from butchers to dress veal in their shops

To the Worshipful
The Mayor and Councillors of The City of Sandhurst


We the undersigned Butchers residing within The City boundary, respectfully beg that you will allow us to dress our veal at our respective residences – the same being slaughtered and bled at the Abbatoirs before coming onto our premises. As this would be a very great boon to us, especially during summer months, we trust you will look at the matter favourably and grant this request.

We are Gentlemen

Yours most respectfully
October 30th 1873

Surname First Name/Initial Address Occupation
Fletcher Edmund Mundy St Butcher
Nosworthy William Mitchell St Butcher
Gittins WB Williamson St Butcher
Bear Thomas Arnold St  Butcher
Hill Frederick Mitchell St Butcher
Goudge Bros   View Point Butcher
Dowding Jno High St Butcher
Martin Denis High St Butcher
Steepe Michael Mc Ivor Rd Butcher
Osborne Charles View Place Butcher
Hands Edward Barnard St Butcher
Weller Henry Long Gully Butcher
Nelson Timothy Bridge St  Butcher
Read CW   Butcher
An image of the Petition for the continuance of stonebreaking

Petition for the continuance of stonebreaking

Sandhurst January 26th, 1882

To the Mayor & Councillors of the City of Sandhurst


We the undersigned Stonebreakers beg to petition that you would order the continuance of the stone-breaking for street metaling. We have been discharged by order of Mr. Steane, and respectfully request that you will order our reappointment as we are all old and not capable of performing any other kind of work and if deprived of this, we have no other resource than seek aid from the charities.

Your humble servants

Surname First Name/Initial Occupation
White P Stonebreaker
Brodie Pat Stonebreaker
Mc Caig Hugh Stonebreaker
Gorman Jas Stonebreaker
Smith Jas Stonebreaker
O’Grady P Stonebreaker
White Jas Stonebreaker

Note from BRAC: Judging from the handwriting most of these petitioners could not read and write so they sought help from first signator, P White, to compose and write the petition’s prayer, and write each of their names next to their X marks. This is the only petition in the collection where the majority of petitioners were obviously illiterate. Over a decade later, the Council’s Surveyor reported that he was then employing 29 stone breakers, and commented “I have not refused any man a job at this need of work,” but concluded “it will be impossible to keep them fully employed for the whole year.”

Image of the Petition Bye-Law for permitting hairdressers shops to be kept open

Petition Bye-Law for permitting hairdressers shops to be kept open

To the Worshipful Mayor and Councillors of the City of Sandhurst

We the undersigned being a majority of the Hairdressers Keeping Hairdressers Shops or Saloons within the City of Sandhurst hereby humbly petition that you will in pursuance of the power given you by Section 45 of “The Factories and Shops Act 1885” make by-laws for the following purposes namely;

For permitting the class of shops known as Hairdressers shops or saloons within the City of Sandhurst on obtaining a license to keep open after the hours mentioned in Section 44 of the said Statute during such hours as shall be specified in such license and that the hour to be specified in such license on which the shops of the above class shall be closed shall be on each and every evening of the week except Saturday and Wednesday eight of the clock and on Saturday evening at the hour of eleven of the clock.

For closing all shops of the above class at the hour of the clock on the Wednesday of each and every week. Provided that on the day immediately preceding any public holiday any such shop may be kept open until the clock in the evening.

12 February 1886

Surname First Name/Initial Address Occupation
Wood Charles Mitchell St Hairdresser
Bohmer John Charing Cross Hairdresser
Remfry John High St Hairdresser
Green John High St Hairdresser
Henley J View St Hairdresser
Wainwright J Bull St Hairdresser

Note from BRAC: here the local Hairdressers were asking the Council to use the powers they had under the new Victorian Factories and Shops Act, to create the necessary local bye-laws to allow Hairdressers to remain open longer than other businesses on Wednesdays and Saturdays. This is the nineteenth century forerunner of the concessions hairdressing salons still have today.

An image of the Petition protesting against Bye Law 23

Petition protesting against Bye Law 23


To the Mayor and Councillors of the City of Sandhurst



We the undersigned Dairyman beg to protest against enforcement of Bye-Law No. 23 re market dues on milk as we supply our customers under contract and in our opinion selling milk to casual customers is more of a public convenience than a source of profit to ourselves hoping you will give this matter your favourable consideration.

Surname First Name/Initial
Burke Michael
Keating Pattrick
Kennedy Edward
Ackerman Ralph
Hines Michael
Fahey Patrick
Lowe Thomas
Wilson Wm
Liddy John
Brown H
Foley William
Owen John
Winzar H
Cummins Jas
Magee B
Warren Jas
Coughlin Thomas
Callaghan J
Mc Namara D

Find more occupation related petitions here. 

The Bendigo Regional Archives Centre received funding for this project from the Victorian Government in celebration of the 175th anniversary of the founding of Melbourne.

Upcoming Event: Start your family history research

Celebrate Family History Month! Are you curious to learn more about your family’s past but don’t know where to start? Do you have some branches on your family tree left to fill?

Start your family research journey at the Victorian Archives Centre!

This session will take you through the basics of how to get started researching your family. You will be introduced to the useful records we hold here at the archives and learn how to go about searching them.

After the session feel free to head straight into our Reading Rooms and get started using your new-found family research skills!

When: Friday 28 August 2015, 1-2pm
Where: Victorian Archives Centre, 99 Shiel St North Melbourne
Free parking available onsite off Macaulay Rd. 

Book now!

Other family history news & events:


Celebrate Family History Month in Regional Victoria

August is Family History Month, a time for celebrating and discovering more about family history. There are a number of events in Bendigo and Ballarat throughout August, all designed to help new archival researchers navigate the collections and start delving deeper into their family history. 


The Bendigo Regional Archives Centre will host three events in August:

  • August 12 & 13, Behind the Scenes tours
  • August 19 10.30am-12noon, Ancestors in the Archives
  • August 20 5.30pm-6.30pm, Vahland in the Archives

Visit the BRAC website for more information and bookings.


The Ballarat Archives Centre will feature as part of a City of Ballarat Libraries event: 

Learn more about finding your family history in the archives:

New archives to the collection: applications for ‘sustenance’ during the Depression

  • Alfred Anderson’s application for sustenance (VPRS 17781)

New records transferred to our collection provide a glimpse into the lives of Dandenong and surrounding residents during The Depression.

There are three different series, consisting of applications for sustenance administered by the shires of Cranbourne, Berwick and Dandenong in pursuance of the provisions of the Unemployment Relief (Administration) Act 1932.

The files contain Applications for Sustenance forms outlining:
– applicant name
– place of birth
– address
– age
– usual trade
– marital status
– out of employment details
– particulars of children and dependents
– information regarding assets or income
– investigation notes regarding application
– application support documentation such as statements of income.

What was The Sustenance Scheme of the 1930s? 

The sustenance scheme was established for the relief of individuals able and willing to work but unable to find employment. The scheme was managed by the Employment Council of Victoria (from1932) and relief committees were created throughout Victoria.

Sustenance payments were made on the basis of eight shillings (10 cents) six pence (5 cents) per week for man and wife with an additional one shilling and six pence per week for each additional child up to a maximum of 20 shillings 6 pence per week. In addition, each approved individual was provided with an identification card which enabled him to gain groceries, meat, bread and milk for a four week period through nominated shopkeepers selected by the individual. Sustenance also included the provision of babies’ food, clothing and footwear for school children, firewood and rental assistance.

As outlined in the Unemployment Relief (Administration) Act 1932, only unemployed applicants who resided in Victoria for three or more months prior to application and were not found to have refused any opportunities for employment were eligible to apply.

In return for sustenance, male applicants were required to perform work for the municipality.

What you can discover in these files

A sample from the Dandenong series, an application from Alfred Anderson, reveals many details of this man’s life at the time of the Depression. At the time of application he had been out of work for 8 months, and struggling to support his wife and two young daughters. He had held various labouring jobs in the past and owned a truck and saw bench. He had also done shift work at the Kimpton Flour Mills Kensington. At the time of his application he held no bank accounts, and owned no property or business. The Inspector found that Alfred was willing and prepared to accept any work offered to him.      

Application for sustenance 1 Application for sustenance 2
Application for sustenance 3 Application for sustenance 4
Application for sustenance 5 Application for sustenance 6
Application for sustenance 7 Application for sustenance 8

Search ‘Applications for Sustenance’

The records are arranged alphabetically by applicant surname. Search Cranbourne VPRS 17876, Dandenong VPRS 17781 or Berwick VPRS 17877 for the list of records that are now available for viewing at the Victorian Archives Centre, North Melbourne.

One hundred years of history at Bendigo

The Bendigo Regional Archives Centre holds a treasure trove of regional history amongst its Bendigo Council Plans and Maps collection. Here, archives officer Dr. Michele Matthews takes us through some of her favourite items from the collection:

Bendigo Council Plans and Maps

The Bendigo Council’s Plans and Maps collection is very extensive, covering a wide variety of topics spanning the 1870s to 1970s.

Among the most attractive is the plan drawn in the early 1900s showing the proposed site for the Gold Monument statue, at the conservatory end of Pall Mall (where it still stands). Rather than just a pencil sketch, this contains shades of green for the grass area and trees.


Image of the proposed garden statue drawn in pencil

VA2389 City of Bendigo, Bendigo City Council Maps and Plans, Bundle 20, “Proposed Garden at Gold Statue”, BRAC

Another drawing of the statue

VA2389 City of Bendigo, Bendigo City Council Maps and Plans, Bundle 20, “Proposed Garden at Gold Statue”, BRAC


Also amongst the collection you can find a number of plans that were submitted to Council, showing proposed alterations, additions to and relocations of 96 local houses. A permit number was given to each application. (From 1924 these numbers should correspond to the Bendigo Council’s Building Registers, which are also held at BRAC). These plans will be a boon if present-day owners ever want to research the evolution of their home.

Aspects of physical structures within the Upper Reserve in Rosalind Park appear in the plan collection too. For example, there is an undated plan for the bandstand, a 1912 plan for the “new” Baths  and 1914 internal and external plans of the renovations to the caretaker’s residence.  There are sketches and plans of other structures in Bendigo and surrounds including a detailed and coloured  ‘Drawing of a decorative metal fence for Wattle Square in 1901.

Drawing of the fence at wattle square

VA 2389, Bendigo City Council Maps and Plans, Bundle 21, Drawing of Metal Fence Wattle Square


And of course you’ll also find plans for many and varied public utilities, ranging from public toilets and conveniences at Charing Cross, through to the 1916 proposed Baths at Golden Square. There are even plans for the Council’s various gravel reserves, dotted around the city.

A photo montage of records held at the Bendigo Centre

Just some of the many other treasures you can find at the Bendigo Regional Archives Centre.


Viewing Bendigo records

Information about accessing these records can be found here. 

The Bendigo Regional Archives Centre is a grassroots historical archives centre, where visitors can view original historical records in person.

The centre offers a personalised service with knowledgeable staff on hand to help with research needs. Their collections include historical records, documents, bound volumes, as well as maps and plans.

Strategic Management Standard refresh

iStock_000019659642_LargePublic Record Office Victoria is pleased to announce that version 2.0 of the Strategic Management Standard, for Victorian public servants managing  public records, has now been released. The standard and its supporting documentation incorporates records management strategies into whole of agency plans and integrates them into other core management strategies, policies and major projects.  

These versions introduce mostly minor amendments and improvements to the operation of the Strategic Management Standard.

However, agencies should note that services performed for government by an external service organisation now explicitly fall under the requirements of PROS 10/10: Guideline 2: Managing Records of Outsourced Activity.

Where can I find Strategic Management Standard documents?

The new Standard and full suite of updated Strategic Management documents are now available online:

Thank you to all those who provided feedback during the consultation process.

Working on the fly? Know your risks

433pd1Saving important work notes and photos on your phone may be convenient, but there are risks. Here Alan Kong, Government Services’ Manager of Standards and Policy, explores the new record-keeping superpower – the mobile device.

A matter of convenience

We all know what it’s like to start drawing a complex diagram on the company white board, and before you can fully appreciate your masterpiece, you have to rush to another appointment.

Without thinking, you whip out your phone and take a quick snap of the drawing. Your ideas and company project plan is now in your phone, and not in a secure environment.

Welcome to 21st Century of record-keeping!

There is little doubt that BYOD (short for Bring Your Own Device) affords us the freedom to complete work outside a traditional office environment. Our phones make it easy to address emerging issues promptly, and this trend is expected to continue and expand.

However, as Voltaire wisely said, ”with great power comes great responsibility”.

Using your mobile device will create new risks. Don’t believe me? All you have to do is cast your mind back to any recent hacked celebrity pictures scandal.

Ask yourself, do you want internal documents ending up in the wrong hands?

Mitigate the risks

So what to do? For starters, you can follow the below three steps.

  • First, take a deep breath. No one is taking your iphone away. Consult your office’s internal policy on the use of mobile devices in general. If you choose to bring your own device, make sure this is compliant to your office’s BYOD policy and procedure, particularly noting any limitations on the use of apps to access, create and manage Agency data.
  • Second, think about your record footprint. What have you created or received today via mobile devices in the course of your duties? What are your responsibilities as the device owner/carrier? Have you synced data back to your record-keeping system?
  • Third, think about the unique risks associated with using your mobile devices when receiving and creating records and what you can do to mitigate these risks.

Consider SIC:

Security (unauthorised physical access, loss of handset, system breaches etc)

Integrity (blurred between personal and business records, work saved across multiple devices etc)

Control (version control, loss of control when creating documents via apps etc).

For more information, please read our mobile technology issues paper.


Digitised maps of Ballarat: Camp Street 1877 to 1887

You can now find more than 400 maps of Ballarat online, including the newly digitised Ballarat and Ballarat East Town Allotment Survey Plans (VPRS 4771).

Ranging from the 1850s to the early twentieth century, among the collection you’ll find four nineteenth century plans of Camp Street providing a snapshot of the growth of Ballarat.


PROV, VPRS 4771/P2 Ballarat and Ballarat East Town Allotment Survey Plans, Unit 211, City of Ballaarat Mair Lydiard Sturt and Camp Streets 1877.



Camp Street
, Ballarat
Some of the most influential political and social movements from the 1850s gold rush to the early nineteenth century were debated and promoted in Camp Street, among them Australian unionism, Federalism, and the anti-conscription campaign of the First World War.

With its proud history and significant buildings, Camp Street is perhaps the most beautiful street in Ballarat – described by author and historian Anne Beggs Sunter as a cultural powerhouse of both Ballarat and Australia in her book Camp Street, Ballarat from Eureka to Federation.

The street is now an active arts precinct used by the Art Gallery of Ballarat and the Camp Street Campus of Federation University’s Arts Academy.

Camp Street’s development
Three more maps in VPRS 4771 show Camp Street’s development over a decade.

ReserveBenAsComm CampSt 1878

ReserveBenAsComm CampSt 1878PROV, VPRS 4771/P2 Unit 217, Reserve Benevolent Asylum Committee 1878.


PROV, VPRS 4771/P2 Unit 229B, Township of Ballarat, Lydiard, Sturt and Camp Streets, 1879.


PROV, VPRS 4771/P2 Unit 263b, Township of Ballarat, Camp, Sturt and Grenville Streets, 1887.


You can find nineteenth century photographs of these sections of Camp Street contrasted with current streetscapes in Ballarat Revealed on the City of Ballarat’s Historic Urban Landscape website.

Searching VPRS 4771
These maps can be searched using either year or street name in ‘Search within a Series’, or by browsing the list in the P2 consignment of the series.

Note that there are more digital images than there are physical units. This is because some physical units contain several discrete plans on one sheet. These have been created as individual items, but can only be ordered as units.

If you want to order the original record to view in the Ballarat Archives Centre Reading Room, use our online catalogue to select and order your map from the P1 consignment listings for VPRS 4771.

These digitised maps come thanks to the hard work and dedication of our wonderful volunteers. 

Written by: Elizabeth Denny, Access Services Officer, Ballarat Archives Centre
Page 1 of 1812345...10...Last »